Interpretation of Statutes
Meaning of Interpretation
Need for Interpretation
Act, Enactment, Statutes, Ordinances, Rules, etc.
Internal Aids to Interpretation
Rules of Interpretation
noscitur a sociis
reddendo singula singulis
generalia specialibus non derogant
expressio unius est exclusion alterius
External Aids to Interpretation
Constituent Assembly Debates for Constitutional Interpretation
Constitution of India
Legislative History: Legislative Intention
Statement of Objects and Reasons
Committee Reports, Law Commission Reports
Presumptions in Statutory Interpretation :
Presumption as to Jurisdiction; Presumption as to Prospective Operation of Statutes; Presumption Against Violation of International Law.
Interpretation with Reference to the Subject Matter and Purpose of Statutes :
Penal Statutes; Taxing Statutes, Welfare Legislation, Prospective and Retrospective Operation
Principles of Constitutional Interpretation :
Harmonious Construction; Doctrine of Pith and Substance; Doctrine of Colourable Legislation; Occupied Field; Repugnancy.