Constitutional Law



  1. Definition of Constitution and its Classification
  2. Sources and Framing of the Indian Constitution
  3. Salient features of Indian Constitution
  4. Is Indian Constitution Federal in Nature?
  5. Constitutional Organs
    1. Parliament: Composition, Parliamentary Sovereignty and Parliamentary Privileges
    2. Executive Power: Power of President
    3. Executive Power: Power of the Governor
    4. Judiciary : Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and High Courts and Independence of Judiciary
  6. Distribution of Powers between Centre and States:
    1. Legislative Relations between Union and the States
    2. >Administrative Relations between Union and the States
    3. Financial Relations between Union and the States
    4. Relevant Doctrines:
        1. Territorial Nexus
        2. Harmonious Construction
        3. Pith and Substance
        4. Doctrine of Repugnancy
        5. Colourable Legislation
    5. Other Provisions:
      1. Emergency Provisions: Articles 352- 360
      2. Amendment of Constitution: Procedure of Amendment of the Constitution and Doctrine of Basic Structure
    6. Fundamental Rights
      1. Definition of “State” for Enforcement of Fundamental Rights
      2. Justifiability of Fundamental Rights
      3. Doctrine of Eclipse
      4. Doctrine Severability
      5. Doctrine of Waiver
      6. Doctrine of Pith and Substance
      7. Doctrine of Harmonious Construction
      8. >
      9. Right to Equality (Article 14): Doctrine of Reasonable Classification and the Principle of Absence of Arbitrariness, Legitimate Expectations, Principle of Compensatory Discrimination
      10. Fundamental Freedom (Article 19): Freedom of Speech and Expression, Freedom of Press and Media; Expansion by Judicial Interpretation of Article19; Reasonable Restrictions(Article19 clause (2)to(5)
    7. Right to Life and Personal Liberty (Artilce 21): Scope and Content (Expansive Interpretation- Right to Privacy, Gays’ Rights, Live-in Relationships etc.)
    8. Right to Education (Article 21A): RTE Act, 2009
    9. Right against Exploitation (Articles23-24): Forced Labour, Child Employment and Human Trafficking
    10. Cultural and Educational Rights of Minorities
    11. Right to Information
    12. Freedom of Religion
    13. Right to Constitutional Remedies
      1. Writs: Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Certiorari, Prohibition and Quo-warranto
      2. 32 and Art. 226
      3. Judicial Review
      4. Writ Jurisdiction and Private Sector
    14. Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties
      1. Nature and Justiciability of the Directive Principles
      2. Detailed Analysis of Directive Principles (Articles 37-51)
      3. Fundamental Duties
      4. Inter-Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles